Representation of Mozambicans in the work domain in the colonial period (1970-1975) in the Portuguese newspaper O Século de Joanesburgo: a multimodal approach

Dinis Fernando da Costa

Abstract


This article attempts to report how Mozambicans were discursively constructed in the work domain by the Portuguese newspaper ‘O Século de Joanesburgo’ in the colonial period, most particularly as from 1970 to 1975. The findings, overall shows that indigenous Mozambicans are assigned menial jobs thus portrayed as providers of unskilled labour. By assigning these jobs to black people, the newspaper reinforces the point that indigenous Mozambicans lack knowledge, competence or skills to deal with jobs that required intellectual capabilities. The discourse implies that the Portuguese (morally superior) decided what kind of jobs were reserved for blacks and under what conditions they should be carried out. Ideologically, this shows white moral and intellectual superiority over blacks.

Este artigo esforça-se em reportar como o povo moçambicano foi representado no ramo de trabalho no discurso do Jornal português ‘ O Século de Joanesburgo’ no tempo colonial, 1970 a 1975. Os resultados, em geral, apontam que ao povo indigéna de Moçambique são dados trabalhos de inferior carácter assim no entanto representado como trabalhadores sem competência. Isto reforça o ponto de que o indígena moçambicano carece de conhecimento, competência para lidar com trabalhos que requer capabilidades intelectuais. O discurso, em si, implica que o Português (provido de moral superior) decidia que tipo de trabalho era reservado para o povo indígena e sob que condições tais eram efectuadas. Ideologicamente, tal prática mostra a superioridade moral e intelectual do branco em comparação ao povo indígena.   


Keywords


representation, colonial, Mozambicans, newspaper

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5774/46-0-176

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