'Ja-nee. No, I'm fine': a note on YES and NO in South Africa

  • Theresa Biberauer Stellenbosch University and University of Cambridge
  • Marie van Heukelum Stellenbosch University
  • Lalia Duke Stellenbosch University


This paper considers some unusual uses of NO and YES observed in South African English (SAE) and other languages spoken in South Africa. Our objective is to highlight the fundamentally speaker-hearer-oriented nature of many of these elements, and to offer a formal perspective on their use. We also aim to highlight the value of pursuing more detailed investigations of these and other perspectival elements employed in SAE and other languages spoken in South Africa.


Download data is not yet available.
Part II: Beyond Afrikaans - linguistic diversity in southern Africa